Tracked by devices

Digital Cameras

What you need to know: Digital cameras not only capture an image but also many additional data points about the image (called “EXIF data”) including: data/time, name/size of file, device, image resolution, among other metadata (data about data) which is attached to the image file. Importantly, another data point the EXIF may contain is the

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Cars

What you need to know: Essentially all modern cars have become computers on wheels. Data collected by cars had historically stayed within the vehicle itself, but increasingly more and more data points are sent back to the manufacturer as today’s cars have all become equipped with always-on wireless transmitters. Modern vehicles have

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Wearables

What you need to know: Wearable devices and health trackers are increasingly popular with consumers, with many tech and health experts expecting double digit growth over the next few years. They are often marketed and encouraged to be used as part of an individual’s overall wellness by enabling the tracking and interpreting

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Other Smart Home Devices

What you need to know: A growing number of smart home devices are capable of gathering information about your movements and daily behavior within the home. In addition to TVs, voice assistants and security cameras, other “smart” home devices can include: thermostats, locks, scales, light switches, ceiling fans, vacuums, air conditioners and

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Smart Home Security

What you need to know: Most smart home security systems are accessible online via a phone app. Like most app creators, these companies can use them to collect your personal information as well as your location data and share it with third parties for marketing and advertising purposes. In addition, user video recordings

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Voice Assistants

What you need to know: Voice assistants and smart speakers will save audio recordings of you once you’ve said the wake word. These recordings can be accessible to networks of listeners at these companies that listen to and transcribe recordings in order to continually teach and upgrade the listening capabilities of these devices. These

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Smart TVs

What you need to know: Smart TVs have become ubiquitous in homes as customers increasingly utilize video streaming services in favor of traditional network TV. They have also increasingly become more affordable as manufacturers pursue new revenue streams such as targeted advertising and selling user data to subsidize cost of the device.

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Smartphones

What you need to know: All smartphones can track and collect location data. Generally, the device manufacturer, operating system provider, mobile carrier network as well as a variety of phone apps can directly collect and utilize your location data.  Mobile carriers can obtain this data as your smartphone constantly communicates with nearby cell phone towers,

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